Zircon and cubic zirconia

Циркон и кубик циркония

Zircon and cubic zirconia are completely different things, however they are constantly confused with each other.

Let's figure it out.

There is a natural stone zircon and there is an artificial stone cubic zirconia.

In 1968, imitation diamond was invented, which had a high density, solidity, resistance to chemical attack and the ability to refract light.

It was phianite (cubic zirconia), which got its name from the place of its creation – FIAN (Russian ФИАН) after P.N. Lebedeva (Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences)

Phianite (cubic zirconia) is an artificially grown crystal of zirconium dioxide, while zirconium is a metal, an element of the periodic table (Mendeleev table).

In the English version, it sounds like cubic zirconia, leading to the confusion with zircon.

Zircon is a natural stone with excellent dispersion (multicolored luster) and thus is a reminiscent of a diamond.

However, it is not so common in nature, and it is quite expensive.

In chain stores, in 99% of cases, when they say that certain jewelry is with a ZIRCON, they mean CUBIC ZIRCONIUM or PHIANITE.

Natural zircon has absolutely nothing in common with cubic zirconia.

Циркон и кубик циркония

So:

Zircon is a natural stone,

Zirconium is a metal, element of the periodic table (Mendeleev table), from which cubic zirconia is obtained

Cubic zirconia is the synthesized stone itself – phianite

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